Pathology is a scientific study of diseases. The various pathological processes and their importance in the basis of human disease will be studied. Pathology is divided into general & systemic pathology. General pathology covers the basic mechanisms of diseases. The topics include Cell injury, Inflammation, Healing, Hemodynamic disorders, Genetic diseases, Immunopathology, Neoplasia, Metabolic diseases, Infectious diseases,Cardiovascular disease, Hematological disorders, Oral and Bone disorders . Most of these topics represent the major categories of diseases that can occur in different organ systems. Pathology gives explanations of a disease by studying the following four aspects of the disease – Etiology, Pathogenesis, Morphologic changes and Functional derangements and clinical significance. Understanding of the above core aspects of disease will help one to understand how the clinical features of different diseases occur & how the disease can be diagnosed using different diagnostic modalities such as : Histopathology, Cytopathology, Hematopathology, Immunohistochemistry, Microbiological examination, Biochemical examination, Cytogenetics, Molecular techniques and Autopsy.


  • Knowledge capability (understanding the general principles, terminology, diagnostic procedures, and basic concepts of pathology, which will serve as a foundation for the study of Systemic Pathology).
  • Technical capability (identifying pathological processes at the cellular and gross anatomical level and correlating these with the clinical symptoms and signs).


  1. Understanding the general principles, terminology, diagnostic procedures, and basic concepts of pathology.
  2. Build a basic understanding of histopathology and morbid anatomy through the examination of microscopic sections and gross specimens, respectively, displaying pathological processes.
  3. Apply diagnostic procedure in pathology, through introduction of the differential diagnostic methods at the clinical level.
  4. Analyse the basic disease states studied at a cellular and gross anatomical level with the clinical manifestations and symptoms seen in disease through written and verbal communication to professional audiences.
  5. Evaluate the ways in which pathology contributes to the understanding of patient presentation in a clinical setting.

Overview of Learning Activities

The learning activities in this course include lectures, practical workshop classes, self-directed online modules, quick quizzes, mind maps, role play ,class discussions and feedback from class activities.

Overview of Learning Resources

Learning resources in this course include lecture notes, online learning modules, a practical workbook, references on selected topics and web based learning materials. Prescribed textbooks and recommended references are available in the library.

Overview of Assessment

Assessment will be conducted in the form theory and practical exams.The final exam and theory assessments during semester will test the understanding of the theoretical basis of human disease and the ability to apply that knowledge to given pathological presentations. The practical and workshop assessments during semester will test the understanding of histopathology and morbid anatomy, and the ability to correlate findings with clinical presentation.


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